There is a great variety of wine depending on the preparation process, the color, the composition and especially the taste. Aware of this great diversity in wines, the oenologist is responsible for learning more about the different contours.
Among the peculiarities to discover about a wine, there are some that are effervescent. This is another category that classifies wines that produce gas bubbles and foam upon opening, such as Or Addict. They are unanimously the object of pleasure to be savored more in group than alone. Discover here, the essential of what you need to know about sparkling wines.
What is a sparkling wine?
Sparkling wine belongs to the class of sparkling wines in general. Indeed, we speak of sparkling wine when the concentration of carbon dioxide in it can produce bubbles and foams. However, it is also considered that champagne is the best sparkling wine. The analogy with served champagnes already gives an insight into the behavior of sparkling wines. After opening the bottle, the pressure inside the bottle drops, resulting in the previously described result.
Sparkling wine is only a particularity of sparkling wine. In the case of sparkling wine, the carbon dioxide content, i.e. CO2, is high. Unlike sparkling wine, sparkling wine has a high level of carbon dioxide. This allows it to produce more bubbles and foam. Moreover, sparkling wines have a pressure between 1 and 2.5 bars. These pressure values are given under a temperature of 20 degrees Celsius. In short, a sparkling wine is above all an effervescent wine with a high carbon dioxide content.
How is a sparkling wine made?
There are many methods to obtain a good sparkling wine. However, the most used method is the traditional champenoise method. This technique consists of fermenting the bottle of wine a second time. First, the still wine is vinified, which is the first fermentation. Then, before bottling, we add to the wine a liqueur composed of yeast, sugar and stirring additive. At this point, the second fermentation is carried out. During this process, the sugar is transformed into alcohol.
During this transformation, carbon dioxide is released and trapped in the bottle. The gas obtained is mixed into the wine and the final result is effervescent wine. Moreover, as mentioned above, this method is not the only one used. Other production structures use the gasification method, the Dioise method, the Russian method or the transfer method.
How to recognize a sparkling wine?
Recognizing a sparkling wine may seem like a difficult task. In reality, it is a very easy activity and you just need to know what to look for. A look back at the manufacturing process shows that sparkling wine has a certain pressure. To maintain this pressure inside the bottle, a cork and a wirehood are used. We can always go further in the recognition of this wine very appreciated by many.
Unlike still wine which does not cause any reaction, sparkling wines form bubbles of carbon dioxide gas. When they are bottled, there is no trace of bubbles or foam. Upon opening the glass, one can see the clear difference with a still wine model. Apart from the bubbles perceptible to the eye, sparkling wine tingles in the mouth. The tingling is always the result of the action of dissolved gas.
However, this tingling is not extreme in the mouth, it is at a medium level. Everything is detected by taste and through the presence of foam and bubbles for a tingling sensation.